Visual artist, Poet

Jiří Kolář

Jiří  Kolář

Biography

Jiří Kolář was born on September 24, 1914 in Protivín. He initially trained as a carpenter but until 1942 he worked in various professions. Since 1943 he has devoted himself exclusively to writing, mainly poetry. In 1949, he first attempted a pictorial interpretation of his poem. At the turn of the 50s and 60s, he switched almost entirely to the visual arts. In 1952 he was arrested for a manuscript of his poetry collection, in 1953 he was amnestied. Politics in the former Czechoslovakia continued to influence his life. He was one of the first to sign Charter 77. In 1979 the Czechoslovak authorities revoked his citizenship and did not allow him to return home from a study trip to the Federal Republic of Germany. He moved to Paris for 12 years. He was rehabilitated in 1992 and given back his Czech citizenship. From 1999 until his death in 2002, he lived in Prague.

He has made an artistic contribution to the renaissance of collage. He has created more than 100 specific collage methods. The main methods include rollages, chismages, mouchlage, prolages, etc. Jiří Kolář is one of the most important Czech artists of the 20th century. His works are represented in the world's most important collections such as MOMA and the Guggenheim Museum in New York, Centre Pompidou in Paris, Ludwig Collection in Cologne and others.

Paintings

Exhibitions

1962 – Praha, Mánes

1963 – Alpnach, Europäisches Forum

1965 – Wien, Die kleine Galerie

1966 – Paris, Galerie Riquelme

1967 – München, Galerie Seyfried

1968 – Nürnberg, Institut für moderne Kunst

1969 – New York, Willard Gallery

1970 – Aachen, Galerie Gmurzynska

1971 – Paris, Galerie La Hune

1972 – Milano, Galerie Schwarz

1973 – New York, La Boetie Gallery

1975, 1978, 1985 –  New York, Guggenheim Museum

1979 – Paris, Galerie C

1980 – Düsseldorf, Städtische Kunsthalle

1981 – Essen, Museum Folgwang

1982 – Paris, Centre Pompidou

1983 – Paris, Galerie Maeght-Lelong

1984 – Essen, Galerie Pragxis

1988 – Osnabrück, Kunstgeschichtliches Museum

1991 – Bratislava, Galerie Gerulata

1993 – Praha, Národní Galerie

1996 – Ostrava, Výtvarné centrum Chagall

1999 – Roma, Galleria Nationale d’Arte

2000 – Praha, Národní Galerie

Awards

1967 - Prague – Prize of the Czechoslovak Writers' Union

1969 - Barcelona - Prix de l’International Dibuix Joan Mirò

1971 - Vienna - Gottfried von Herder Award

1991 - Prague - Jaroslav Seifert Award

1991 - Prague - Masaryk Order - for participation in the fight for democratic values ​​and human rights

1994 - Montreal Honorary Doctorate of the University of Quebec

1999 - Dresden - Hans Theo Richter Prize